採訪/劉惠 編輯/尚燕 剪輯/李勇
Internal Conflicts Reported in Beidaihe Meeting
Hong Kong media has revealed the Chinese Communist
Party (CCP) Beidaihe meeting will have two main threads.
The hidden thread is the Bo Xilai case; and the visible
thread is the Third Plenum of the CCP economic reforms.
Shanghai Free Trade Area (FTA) is deemed
the brain-child of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang.
This project has been strongly opposed
by different interest groups within the CCP.
Outside observers commented that during the
Beidaihe meeting, the CCP leadership factions
are not only competing over Bo’s life or death.
They are also fighting about Li Keqiang’s economic reforms.
Will Li Keqiang’s program come to fruition? Will they resolve
problems in the Beidaihe meeting? Let’s look at the reports.
CCP state-controlled China News Network
has reported that Li Keqiang chaired a
State Council executive meeting on July 3.
He has adopted China (Shanghai) FTA Program.
However, the mainland Chinese media quoted news
from the South China Morning Post on August 5.
There were different angles appearing.
Reports alleged that Shanghai FTA experimental
zone executive program has not been released.
This is, in part, because the Shanghai Free Trade Zone
has come into conflict with the existing domestic laws.
It is said that legal loopholes must be fixed
first before declaring free trade area rules.
CCP Ministry of Commerce spokesman Shen Danyang
commented during an interview on August 7.
Construction of the Shanghai FTA is a priority of regional
economic development during the second half of the year.
The FTA overall program will soon be officially approved.
Shanghai FTA was described as Li Keqiang’s
brain-child by a government informant.
It was part of Li Keqiang economic reform, but faces strong
opposition by the China Banking Regulatory Commission.
It also faces opposition from the China
Securities Regulatory Commission.
South China Morning Post quoted three first-hand
informants within the CCP high-level meeting.
They alleging that during a closed-door meeting
of the State Council, Li Keqiang got angry about it.
Jason Ma, Economic Review Expert:
“Li Keqiang proposed relaxing a little bit,
and forming a Shanghai free trade zone.
He wanted to relax the banking and financial regulations
in this zone, but encountered a lot of opposition.
This interest groups has such an attribute.
It can only continue to increase its interests,
but absolutely will not give away any.”
During the Beidaihe meeting, proposed reform of
state-owned enterprises also had disagreements.
The Economic Daily in Beijing, directly under the CCP
Central State Council, recently released five articles.
They “analyzed SOE reform hotspots," and said that
state-owned enterprises cannot be privately owned.
Otherwise, it will shake the foundation of China.
It also said sharing state-owned enterprises
in Russia led to a major economic disaster.
Chen Ziming, Head of the Institute of
Socio-Economic Sciences in Beijing:
“The Soviet Union made state-owned
assets into national demutualization.
Now Chinese scholars have not mentioned
this step. I think these comments are normal.
It is widely used in various countries, including Hong Kong
and Macao in China. It won’t cause state collapse.”
Ming Pao in Hong Kong recalled a speech from
princeling ,Qin Xiao at Tsinghua University, in 2010.
Qin is the former Chairman of China Merchant Group.
Qin mentioned at that time that “it should orderly and
equitably distribute huge state-owned assets to people.”
Many in Chinese economic circles have put forward this
view, including famous economists Wu Jinglan and Yang Fan.
Jason Ma: “Li Keqiang just took office, and
vowed to give up this historical hangover.
Then banks opposed him, and created money
shortages, and the economy started to slow.
This caused him to have to start to keep the seven rules.
So the economy of China is actually being
controlled by interest groups formed in history.
Various officials are just between different
interest groups, and are trying to balance it.”
Li Keqiang became angry with the issues
over the Shanghai Free Trade Area.
He will be against all the odds at the Beidaihe
meeting for his economic measures.
However, it is still considered that it does not touch
the fundamental needs of China’s economic reform.
Jason Ma: “It’s not really to distribute assets of the
existing interests groups of the CCP to the people.
They would not even talk about that. What they
talked about was not to be more considered.”
Many foreign analysts believe that economic reforms
were stalled when Hu and Wen were in power.
The new leaders are eager to restart reforms.
Otherwise, the economic downturn will lead to public
discontent, and make the CCP leadership weaken.