美国司法部在记者会上证实，被告5人都是61398部队第3支队成员，被告分别是王东（Wang Dong）、孙凯良（Sun Kailiang）文新宇（ Wen Xinyu）黄镇宇（ Huang Zhenyu）顾春晖（ Gu Chunhui）。
CCP Internet Hacking Forces Established in the 1990’s
On May 19, the U.S. Department of Justice made
an announcement during a news conference.
It will prosecute five Chinese Communist
Party (CCP) military personnel.
It accuses them of invading the computers of
companies in the U.S., to steal business secrets.
A computer expert who used to teach the
CCP military told NTD reporters that CCP
hacker forces already existed in the 1990s.
The U.S. Department of Justice announced that five CCP
soldiers, from the “Shanghai 61398 Troops”, are suspected
of stealing confidential information via internet hacking.
The information was stolen from U.S. Steel, solar and
nuclear power companies, and a labor organization.
Relevant U.S. authorities said that this data will help
China gain advantage in competition at key moments.
The U.S. Department of Justice confirmed
at the press conference that the five defendants
are in the 3rd Brigade of the “61,398 Troop.”
They are Wang Dong, Sun Kailiang,
Wen Xinyu, Huang Zhenyu and Gu Chunhui.
Charges against the defendants include 31 counts, including
intended fraud via computer, intrusions into computer systems
to obtain data for profits, transfer of programs, signal, data to
sabotage protected computers, and stealing business secrets.
The hackers are also accused of invasion into companies
with trade disputes and commercial negotiations with China.
They are thought to have helped China ‘s state-owned
enterprises gain advantage over competing U.S. companies.
This is the first time the U.S. government
has publicly accused foreign sources of
“hacker crimes” in corporate America.
Zhang Xinyu, Canada Global Network Initiative (GNI)
founder: “During a national CCP People’s Liberation
Army (PLA) competition in the 1990s, computer code
hacking and virus encoding was added to the contest.
I taught them to strengthen on this.
They used much effort on this.”
According to HK’s Apple Daily, “61,398 Troops”
are located in a 12-story building in Shanghai.
The area is heavily guarded with soldiers, with a banner
stating: “Military Restricted Area. No Photos Allowed.”
The U.S. security company Mandiant took six years
to track this regiment, and found out that this CCP internet
force has attacked 141 U.S. institutions and enterprises.
After last year’s report was exposed, western media
were blocked by soldiers to visit and access the site.
“61,398 Troop” is under Bureau Two of CCP General
Political Department Three, a mysterious department.
Headquartered in Beijing, it has offices in
Shanghai, Qingdao, Zhuhai, Harbin and Chengdu.
Its function is “signals intelligence”, including listening to
electronic communications, analysis of satellite intelligence,
and decoding encryption, with over 10,000 resources.
Chinese media alleged that General Political Department
Three recruits post-graduate students majoring in
computer science and mathematics to join the ranks.
Bureau Two requires employees to be good at English.
Other bureaus ask for knowledge in Japanese,
Korean, Russian, Spanish and other foreign languages.
Mandiant’s report revealed that among the 900+ servers
the Chinese military uses, seven are hosted in Hong Kong.
These seven servers once used the network of
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
as an intermediary stage to attack and steal data.
The U.S. has repeatedly accused the CCP of launching
cyber attacks on the U.S. government and private sectors.
One U.S. Internet security firm said in its 2013 report
that the CCP has established Cyber Army forces.
Attacks to the U.S. government and private
sectors were mostly launched by this force.
The U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder said negotiations
and diplomatic actions were not able to stop these attacks.
Washington is taking legal action.
Professor Xia Ming is an expert in political
sciences at City University, New York.
Professor Xia suggests that the recent Russian invasion
of the Ukraine, and the situation in the South China Sea
pushed the U.S. government to act on these allegations.
Professor Xia Ming: “The U.S. is
adjusting its fundamental strategies.
We should no longer compromise
or continue to show friendliness.
We decided to teach them a lesson,
starting with the war in the internet.
I believe the U.S. will launch more wars with Russia
and China over trade, propaganda, and even currency.”
U.S. President Barack Obama visited several
countries in Southeast Asia last month to
show the determination to support Asia.
Obama expressed that although the U.S. wants to resolve
territorial disputes of the sea through diplomatic negotiations,
it will fulfill commitments to protect it’s Asia-Pacific allies.
Interview & Edit/Liu Hui Post-Production/Zhong Yuan