采访/陈汉 编辑/黄亿美 后制/郭敬
It is difficult for Chinese regime to vindicate June 4
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) provided high-profile
reports for the 24th anniversary of the death of Hu Yaobang, a former Party leader.
Observers thought that these reports might’ve been the
precursor to the vindication of the June 4 incident (6/4).
However, Hu Yaobang was tied to the June 4 incident,
and Zhao Ziyang was forced to step down for being a 6/4 sympathizer, but the CCP has evaded these issues.
Therefore, some scholars conclude that vindication of 6/4
is only wishful thinking.
On April 15, the silent CCP’s major media suddenly published
high-profile articles to commemorate the death of Hu Yaobang.
At the same time, they praised Hu for advocating democracy.
So, the outside world began to speculate whether
the authorities intend to vindicate 6/4.
6/4 student leader Cheng Cunzhu believes that vindication
of June 4 will be helpful for China’s peaceful transition.
Yet, this is such a distant dream that
its becoming a reality is too insignificant.
Zheng Cunzhu: “The decision-makers in 1989,
such as Li Peng, and Jiang Zemin, are still alive.
Although they have retired, they are quite influential
inside China’s political environment.
So, I think the possibility of vindication of 6/4 is very slim.”
In 1989, the CCP General Secretary Zhao Ziyang opposed
the crackdown of 6/4 incident, causing strong resentment from Deng Xiaoping and Li Peng.
Zhao was removed from all his posts and was put under
house arrest for 15 years, until his death in January 2005.
Zhao was accused of supporting unrest
and splitting the party.
Where to place Zhao’s ashes is still
an unresolved issue.
Jiang Zemin, the Shanghai Party Secretary in 1989,
was the biggest beneficiary of the June 4th incident.
Jiang was once quite respectful to Zhao, but his strong
support of the student crackdown made him Zhao’s successor.
After the death of Margaret Thatcher, the former British Prime
Minister, the CCTV reported a Sino-British Joint Statement.
It had been signed by Thatcher and Zhao Ziyang,
but Zhao’s name was deliberately shielded.
The CCP’s mouthpiece media Xinhua, People’s Daily,
Liberation Daily, and China News Weekly all published articles with photos to commemorate Hu Yaobang.
However, words like 6/4 and Zhao Ziyang were avoided.
Yao Jianfu, Zhao Ziyang’s think tank, believes that vindication
of 6/4 is only a beautiful dream, which will never become reality.
Yao Jianfu: “Today’s leaders took office after 6/4.
Vindication of 6/4 is tantamount to admitting their power
being illegal, their power coming from a political coup.
They were heirs after a political coup,
so it is impossible for them to vindicate 6/4.”
Ma Xiaoming, the former Shaanxi TV editor, was dismissed
from his post for taking part in 1989 protesting activities.
Ma has consistently opposed talk of 6/4 vindication.
Ma believes that the executioners of the people have no right
to redress 6/4, and they can only be judged by the people and history.
According to the Hong Kong media analysis, leaders like
Hu Yaobang and Zhao Ziyang were the CCP’s liberal reformists.
Even though they promoted reform and opening up while
in office, they did not touch or abandon the core issue—the CCP’s one-party dictatorship.
Their goal was to strengthen and improve the
leadership position of the CCP.