Standing Committee Member list on 18th NPC
On 8th November, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
will hold its 18th National People’s Congress meeting (NPC),
and handover power, which happens every ten years.
Standing Committee members of the next session
will stand in so-called competitive elections.
British media quoted informants, saying that this will be
seven Standing Committee members from the ten candidates.
Outsiders widely expect, Xi Jinping to be appointed as
President, and the prime minister will be succeeded by Li Keqiang.
For the other candidates, who will be elected is still unknown.
Analysts say that the list will remain a secret until the last minute.
On 7th November, Voice of America reported that
the Political Bureau of the CCP Central Committee,
the nine Standing Committee members have
all been or are over the age of 70.
Seven of them, including President Hu Jintao
will hand over positions in the CCP.
Xi Jinping will become president, and Li Keqiang
will also be promoted.
Hong Kong’s Asia Week released a list citing the latest
Military Commission from 26th October,
with Hu Jintao being re-elected as military chairman.
On 6th November, Reuters quoted informants saying that
the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CCP at the 18th NPC,
will be selected from ten candidates, including Xi Jinping,
Li Keqiang, Deputy Prime Minister Wang Qishan,
the Central Propaganda Department director Liu Yunshan,
the Central Organization Department Minister Li Yuanchao,
Chongqing CCP Secretary Zhang Dejiang,
Tianjin CCP Secretary Zhang Gaoli,
Guangdong CCP Secretary Wang Yang,
Shanghai CCP Secretary Yu Zhengsheng and State Councilor Liu Yandong.
In recent months, the foreign media have made
many guesses on the standing committee member list for the coming 18th NPC.
Many versions of the list were released.
Reuters announced the ten candidates list, which were
basically the candidates being discussed very often before.
Zhang Jian, Chairman of the United States Commission
of the China Democratic National Committee, believes that
there will be unknown factors until the last moment,
and this meeting will be the Last Supper for the CCP.
He hopes to see voices of democratic reform,
Spreading from the CCP to the whole society, and finally end the CCP regime.
Zhang Jian: “This year’s 18th NPC is different from those
in previous years, and we see China’s precarious political situation,
but the CCP has never felt in endangering themselves
from the democratic trend of the international community.
Grassroots people are also longing for democratic reform.
Large-scale human rights protests frequently appear
all over China, and also some CCP senior officials have defected to other countries.”
Before the 18th NPC, media reported that the Politburo
Standing Committee will be selected in a competitive election,
and will be gradually institutionalized. The Standing Committee
member list will keep 80% or less of the candidates on the list.
It was said to further promote democracy within the party.
But this is actually a continuation of the 17th NPC.
At that time, the CCP held selections for Central Committee
and Politburo members, with a 15% difference.
Zhang Jian: “Member selection is the trade-off between the
factions in their interests, but it cannot be decided outright.
It is fierce competition. They consider it from their own
life, their family, and their interest chain.
Although the selection aimed to satisfy requirements,
if you do not meet the requirement, your reputation can still be ruined.”
Political commentator Lan Shu pointed out that the CCP’s
selection is not a true democracy.
Democracy has the people as masters, but people have
neither the right to nominate or vote during the CCP’s entire selection process.
Lan Shu: “This differential voting may have two reasons.
One is that the CCP are facing irreconcilable social
contradictions and a social crisis,
so it must make some gestures to alleviate the
social conflicts, some gestures of democracy.
Secondly, it has to walk a cut scene with the differential
selection, which would also help to ease contradictions among different fractions.”
Lan Shu describes that after the 18th NPC, no matter who
is in power, as long as its within the framework of the CCP,
so-called reform or democracy within the system,
cannot resolve the social problems in China. The only way out is to disintegrate the CCP.