採訪/朱智善 編輯/尚燕 後製/肖顏
The Endangered “National" Security
The nonprofit humanitarian organization, Dui Hua, reported
on Jan. 7 that 2,321 people were faced with arrest and
indictment for the crime of “endangering state security" (ESS)
Activists confirmed that every Chinese, including
the perpetrators, are the victims of the unprecedented
suppression and the ruin of the state mechanism
by the Communist regime.
Statistics recently released in China Law Yearbook (CLY)
indicate that in 2013 indictments for the crime of ESS—
the category of crime that comprises subversion, splittism,
and their incitement, reached 2,321,
next to Tibetan protests in 2008, reported Dui Hua.
Of the hundreds of people who faced ESS charges in 2013,
only 31 made it into Dui Hua’s Political Prisoner Database
for lack of transparency.
Included are Tibetans, Uyghurs and Han Chinese.
Zhao Haitong, an activist from Xinjiang was also included.
Human Rights Watch chairman Qin Yongmin: “Zhao Haitong,
a native of Xinjiang, is quite popular.
He worked outside of Xinjiang for a couple of years.
He defended for the human rights of the Uyghurs after he
returned to Xinjiang but was sentenced to 14 years in prison.
The sentencing was not known until several months later
through various channels.
We have friends at local who would visit him in the prison,
but were only arrested as well."
Qin Yongmin commented that many activists not so well
known to outsiders were also arrested and indicted.
Many cases have been hidden due to their families being
warned not to disclose the facts.
The 1997 revised Criminal Law included the crime of
endangering national security which was based on
crimes of counter-revolution.
However, it is simply a change of title, not content,
according to activist Hu Jia.
Hu Jia: “The so-called crimes of counter-revolution are
in fact ‘anti-party’.
Since 1997, the essence of crimes of counter-revolution
was repackaged with a new title,
‘endangering national security.’
The Chinese Communist Party was never empowered
by the people, it is not legal.
That means the CCP has never been legal
since 65 years ago."
Crimes of endangering national security and a number
of related charges have been manipulated by the regime
to suppress dissidents, and resulted in unprecedented
repression in China in recent years, said Hu Jia.
Hu Jia: “2013 was the year of ‘assembling a crowd to disturb
order at public places’.
2014 became the year of ‘picking quarrels and provoking
These ordinary charges have also been manipulated
by the CCP as part of ‘endangering’ state security.
In fact, it indicates endangering the interests and privilege
of the party."
Qin Yongmin: “The number of arrests has been
unprecedentedly large in these two years and probably
the largest since 1989. There is no doubt about it."
Qin Yongmin analyzes such a large scale of arrests is likely
to continue for many reasons.
On top of the unprecedented crackdown, there is also
the reason that after 30 years of market economy
development, the degree of maturation of civil society
has intensified the conflict of social benefits.
Almost everyone in China, including the perpetrators,
is inevitably faced with the violation of interests."
Qin Yongmin: “Even the national security staff were
complaining when I was interacting with them.
Everyone has his share of difficulties.
The reason for that is the lack of a fair system in China
today. This unfair system is still being executed."
Human rights lawyer Li Xiangyang indicates that those
corrupt officials who ruined the national mechanisms
are the ones endangering national security.
Li Xiangyang: “All of the officials within the system are
the ones who truly incite, subvert, and oppose the nation.
They have trampled national law, created social conflicts,
and brought chaos to society.
What they have done are exactly subverting
and opposing the nation."
Li Xiangyang indicates, officials such as Zhou Yongkang,
Xu Caihou and Ling Jihua have undermined
the operating rules of the nation and society
through their massive corruption and violation of the law.
Those who were arrested on charges of endangering state
security are rather the people who speak on behalf of
human rights and the rule of law in China.
Interview/Zhu Zhishan Edit/ShangYan Post-Production/XiaoYan