採訪/陳漢 編輯/黃億美 後製/郭敬
The CCP Resettles Millions of Tibetans for Tighter Control
On June 27, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released a report
saying the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has forced
millions of Tibetans to relocate over the past 7 years,
with a goal of exerting tighter control.
These so-called “new socialist villages” are similar to
the Nazi concentration camps used to control Jewish people.
The Chinese regime claimed its purpose is to improve
Tibetans’ living standards, is that true?
HRW released a new report saying the CCP is subjecting
millions of Tibetans to a policy of mass rehousing and
relocation that radically changes Tibetans’ way of life.
Nicholas Bequelin, a senior researcher at HRW:
“Over two million Tibetans over the past 6 years
have been forced to leave their traditional villages,
and move into new ones in the name of building
what the government calls ‘a new Socialist countryside’.
Tibetans have no say in these policies…”
The 115-page report records the various forms of
human rights violations.
It tells of the CCP’s failure to consult with the Tibetans and
adequately compensate them,
and its neglect of their right to autonomy clearly guaranteed
by Chinese law in Tibetan areas.
Tibet Religious Foundation of the Dalai Lama chair,
Dawa Tsering: “Tibetans were forced to relocate together
in order to facilitate control.
It’s like the Nazi’s concentration camps;
one has no freedom and is constantly monitored.
How could they live their traditional Tibetan lifestyle this way?
No Tibetan wants to leave their hometown for a strange place:
The so-called ‘New Socialist Villages’.”
The CCP regime denies forcefully evicting the Tibetans, and
justifies carrying out the project as improving Tibetans’
living standards. But the Tibetans don’t think so.
A resident in the Tibet Autonomous Region told
Radio Free Asia that
the houses are not actually provided by the government,
Tibetans need to pay for them.
Many Tibetans are unwilling to move,
but were taken away by the public security bureau.
Tashi, a resident in Tibet: “It’s really troublesome for us,
yet we have no choice.
Otherwise they say we’ve broken the law and arrest us.”
Tashi also says many of Tibet’s good pastures get seized by
businessmen who set up farms and raise cattle and sheep.
They sell products in China and even export overseas,
while the amount of grazing Tibetan farmers and herders
can have is controlled.
Tashi: “Tibetans’ grasslands were seized by them,
and they used wire to surround the lands.
They planted trees, and keep cattle and sheep.
When Tibetans move in to the new houses,
the number of cattle and sheep they can keep is restricted.
You can have up to 50 or 100 domestic animals in total,
but if you go over that, you get a penalty and they’re killed.”
Dawa Tsering says Tibetans have a rich nomadic knowledge,
but don’t have skills to work in the city.
Once they’re relocated to the city, they can’t adapt to city life,
and because of that, many social problems occur.
Dawa Tsering: “Because many Tibetans don’t have jobs,
they go out drinking and fighting.
The Chinese regime has even set up a fence surrounding
the so-called ‘New Socialist Villages’.
Someone guards the entrance, and everyone must
register when they come in or go out.
It’s become another type of prison.”
Dawa Tsering stressed that since 1989, during all the protests
in Tibet, the CCP claims that Tibetans have been firing guns,
and so the CCP’s army has had to move in to suppress.
However, the CCP has never published any relevant evidence.
Each time the CCP uses a fabricated story to lie to the public
in order to prevent outsiders from knowing the truth.
The U.K.’s BBC reported that tensions remain high
in Tibet and traditionally Tibetan areas.
In the past four years, there have been 90 deaths
out of at least 117 Tibetans who have set themselves on fire
in protest of rule by the Chinese regime.