Mass Execution – Who are the Accomplices?
Nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary
Feature at the 86th Oscars,
The Act of Killing covers the massacre of hundreds of thousands
of Chinese during the Indonesian Suharto regime.
This movie has received multiple documentary film awards.
It documents the atrocities by former death squad participants in
which not only draws attention to the history of that
dark period, but also reflects on the anti-Chinese riots in
The Act of Killing, took six years to finish.
This hit documentary in 2013 explores the Thirtieth of
September Movement that killed 300,000 Chinese in Indonesia.
In the late 1950s, to support the Indonesian Communist Party
the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) provided
monetary, military, and revolution resources making the ICP the
world’s largest Communist Party, second only to the CCP and
the former Soviet Union.
Then Communist Premier Zhou Enlai once said,
“There are so many overseas Chinese residing in Southeast
Asia, that the Communist regime can export ‘communism’ to change
the color of Southeast Asia overnight.”
Since then, this talk has planted the seeds of rampant
Zhong Weiguang, Political scientist: “That the Communist
engaged in revolution and state subversion world wide has been
a public slogan and creed.
At that time, Mao Zedong wanted to lead the world revolution,
and replace the Soviet Union to become the world center of
In 1965, an attempted coup by the Indonesian Communist Party
known as the Thirtieth of September Movement took place.
Then Major General Suharto blamed the ICP for the coup and
Suharto-led troops launched nationwide anti-communist purges.
In less than a year, hundreds of thousands of alleged
communists were killed.
Because of the CCP’s involvement in the development of the
ICP and many schools had been infiltrated,
masses of Chinese Indonesians were accused of being CCP agents
and were executed.
Scholars generally believe that at least 300,000 of the
500,000 killed were Chinese.
Zhong Weiguang: “In the 1950s, the CCP exported revolution in
Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
They had provided weapons to guerrilla in Indonesia,
Philippines, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka.
The so-called Marxist-Maoist in these countries had also been
regularly trained in China.
The CCP had supported all the insurgency and the Marxist
elements in those countries.
The Indonesian people had naturally developed resentment
against the revolutionary interference from China."
But the fatal sacrifice of hundreds of thousands of overseas
Chinese people did not stop the CCP from exporting revolution
to Southeast Asia.
Unrest fomented by the Communist Party had continued and
tragedy also ensued.
Shocking and appalling anti-Chinese riots took place
between May 13 and May 16 of 1998, resulting in the organized
abuse and mass killing of tens of thousands of Chinese Indonesians.
Tens of thousands of Chinese women were raped, gang-raped
and sexually abused.
It is also known to the Chinese as the Black May Riots.
Mr. Yip, Chinese Indonesian: “The May riots took a lot of lives,
they robbed, they burned shops, and they raped women.
My shop was robbed."
The brutality against the Indonesian of the Black May Riots
shocked the world.
The Chinese community in the world also organized a rally
requesting a stop to the anti-Chinese racism and punish the
Measures to rescue Indonesian Chinese and accept refugees
have been taken by Taiwan, Singapore, and the United States.
For the “non-interference in the internal affairs of Indonesia,"
policy, the CCP regime made no condemnation or interference.
Then CCP leader Jiang Zemin actually made a secret order:
Ban all media coverage of Indonesian anti-Chinese movement.
The 400 million yuan loans were delivered on schedule and
even encouraged the Indonesia government, while the Chinese
Indonesians seeking help of the Chinese Consulate were rejected.
Wang Dingyin, Chinese Indonesian:
“During that turmoil, a Chinese phoned the consulate and said
we are in such a miserable situation, can’t you help to save us?
It said, no way, you are the Indonesians! “
Zhong Weiguang: “In this case, the interests of the regime and
the CCP are their first consideration.
It does not concern itself with the interests of its people.
The CCP needs those people to stay.
The persecution helps to further intensify local conflicts."
Zhong Weiguang,an expert in totalitarian society research,
warns overseas Chinese who seek refuge in the CCP:
When you are not in line with the interests of the CCP ,
you’ll be abandoned at any time, if not today, it will
Interview & Edit/Zhang Tianyu Post-Production/SunNing