采访/朱智善 编辑/黄亿美 后制/陈建铭
Memoir of Li Rui, Mao’s Secretary: Chinese Communist Party Is China’s Problem
Li Rui, once Mao Zedong’s secretary, recently published
Li Rui’s Oral Memories in Hong Kong.
On October 29, his daughter, Li Nanyang arrived at Beijing
airport from Hong Kong.
Upon custom check, 53 copies of the book were confiscated
along with other articles.
Li Rui’s Oral Memories was confiscated by Beijing Customs
for it being a banned book.
Li Nanyang, as the copyright holder of this book, has
entrusted Beijing Huayi law firm lawyers Xia Lin and Xia Nan on this case.
The 96 year-old Li Rui is a famous Chinese Communist Party
He held the post of CCP Central Committee, deputy head
of the Organization Department, vice minister of the Ministry
of Water Conservation, and he was one of Mao Zedong’s
He was called “the liberal veteran party member.”
In his later life, he has become a vocal advocate
of democratic reform in China.
His daughter, Li Nanyang wrote an open letter to customs
on October 30.
She states, “His memoirs are valuable collections of history
and highly recognized as valuable references
by foreign research institutions on China issues."
Therefore, she hopes the Beijing Customs will return
the books when she returns to the US,
as she needs them for research.
Li Rui’s wife could not understand why the CCP authorities
feel uneasy about Li Rui’s book.
Li Rui’s wife: “Too many reasons but they won’t tell us.
We’ll just see how it is going to get resolved, it will be hard."
Zhu Zheng, former Hunan People’s Publishing House editor,
wrote the preface for the book.
He considers Li Rui’s memoir to be biographical literature
which provides many vivid details
for a concrete understanding of history.
Sheng Xue, Canadian writer: “The CCP’s standard for
a banned book is the opposite of the world’s universal values.
There are no banned books or news in a democratic country,
but restrictions against pornography and violence."
Li Nanyang wrote a postscript for the memoir.
She states, “To learn a lesson, one must understand
People need to know the mistakes the CCP has made.
Lament, for this memoir is only available in Hong Kong.”
Sheng Xue: “As a veteran party official, Li Rui obviously
knows a lot.
At old age, he can be regarded as a courageous
and conscientious person to write these historical facts.
Even though these books are banned in China,
they are published outside of China for people in the world.
For the sake of keeping it themselves,
these books should not have been confiscated."
Li Rui’s memoir chronicles his life experience.
He reflects greatly on the “Yan’an Rectification"
campaign when he was detained and interrogated.
Li Rui states in the book, “Refuse to reflect seriously
on the Yan’an Rectification Movement,
and continue to cover up all mistakes;
insist on ruling with the gun and pen;
political reform remains talk;
prohibit constitutional provisions such as the freedom
of speech and freedom of the press, it is really sad.
Mistakes and conducts for more than half of a century ago
continue to date.
It is the inevitable consequence of not learning
Li Rui also talks about the political reform in his memoir.
“China’s fundamental problems rely on solving
the party’s problems.
Government and the party have to be absolutely separated.
State power remains as state power,
and political parties are political parties.
Nowadays the party officials are superior to everything else,
the government and the law.
Government and laws have become the affiliate of the party.
Without solving this, there will be no market economy.
As a result, the crony capitalism says it all," he writes.
Opposed to the Yangtze Three Gorges Project in the 1980s,
Li Rui had sent multiple letters to Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao
during their posts urging for reform and democracy.
Gao Yu, senior journalist, told Deutsche Welle that Beijing
Customs’ conduct was specifically targeting
Li Nanyang on the banned books.
He explained that since Li Rui called for reform
in the early years, he has been regarded
as intolerable by the authorities.
Confiscating his books only shows how the party has been
blocking ideology from activists and dissidents.
Interview / Zhu Zhishan Edit / Huang Yimei post-production