採訪/朱智善 編輯/陳潔 後製/陳建銘
The CCP Announces Reform Plan Against Police Brutality
Under Zhou Yongkang’s Rule
The Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) Central Committee
recent approved a reform plan for the public security system.
The plan will set up a lifelong responsibility framework
on injustice cases to stop police brutality in using tortures.
Western media commented that the move is to step out
of the shadow when the system is ruled by Zhou Yongkang.
However, analysts worry that “localities always have
countermeasures against policies” in China,
people should not expect too much toward the reform.
On Feb. 15, the Xinhua News Agency reported the approval
of “Suggestions in Comprehensively Deepening Reform
on Major Issues in Public Security System"
and a reform plan by the CCP’s Central Committee.
The document will be published and put to practice.
The report said, the plan set up seven major tasks
with over 100 reform measures.
A public security system spokesman said, currently
enforcement of law is not strict, standard, fair or decent.
Sometimes, trading power for money
and bending law for selfish ends also occurs.
Therefore a lifelong responsibility system
will be established for injustice cases.
Interrogation of criminal cases will also be required
to be videotaped.
The move is to stop police torturing and illegal methods
to collect evidence from its origin.
Chen Yongmiao, Chinese constitutionalism scholar:
“Even if the plan is approved, it will take a long time
to see the change and there can be huge resistance.
So the impact may not be significant
in a short period of time.
The reform plan will give more pressure on bottom-level
police with more technical requirements,
but a reform should happen from top to bottom,
rather than the opposite.
The CCP’s reforms mostly leave the cost
to the bottom level.
However, in most cases judicial injustice came
from interference of high-level party officials."
Zhang Keke, a human rights lawyer in Hubei,
told Radio Free Asia that the CCP’s judicial reform
frequently encounters the problem of “countermeasures
from localities against policies from the authority."
Even if interrogation is videotaped, defense lawyers
are still not able to see those videos.
Currently, defense lawyers have to overcome
many difficulties just to read case records.
It can hardly be expected that they will be given access
Sui Muqing, Guangdong human rights lawyers:
“Don’t expect too much on this.
The key point is how the plan is put into practice.
For example, theoretically lawyers need no police approval
to meet his clients.
However, police interference is still often seen
all these years.
Restriction of police power is a key step in the CCP’s
Currently, the police are given too much power
and power abuse has to be solved.
Without giving enough attention to this issue,
any reform plan that may look great can hardly be useful."
BBC Chinese website published an article commenting that
the CCP’s public security system reform plan aims
at stepping out of the shadow of “Corruption and Violence"
created by former head of the Political and Legal system
A Beijing News report said that Meng Jianzhu, the incumbent
secretary of the Central Political and Legal Commission
(CPLC) accused Zhou Yongkang of massively trading power
for money and sex in a commission meeting on Jan. 20.
“Zhou’s acts infected many officials," said Meng.
Meng stressed that the CPLC staff must profoundly rethink
the lessons learned from Zhou’s case,
and further eliminate all negative effects brought
On Feb. 15, China Economy Weekly website (ceweekly.cn)
also published an article titled “Central State-Owned
Enterprises, Wang Qishan is Coming!"
The article revealed that even after Zhou Yongkang
left the petro system, his family was still given huge profits
through Zhou’s followers in the system.
A retired PetroChina employee said that when ruling
the system Zhou almost never spent less than 100,000 Yuan
($16,000) for each meal party; furthermore, such party
was held almost on a daily basis.
Chinese media also criticized Zhou Yongkang’s ruling
instead of corruption issues.
Yanhuang Chunqiu, a magazine renowned for its liberty
inside the CCP, published an article written by Cui Min,
a professor of law.
Cui’s article commented that under Zhou Yongkang’s
10-year-long governance over political and legal affairs,
China had seen great retrogression in its rule by law;
the number of injustice cases peaked during the period.
The article further said, Zhou Yongkang and Bo Xilai
had conspired to recklessly persecute lawyers
in the name of “crackdown on gangsters,"
which is serious trample of the rule of the law.
Particularly, the “Singing Red, Fighting Black" movement
was advocated as Bo’s main achievements.
Cui’s article summarized the salient features
of Zhou and Bo’s governance such as “enforcing law
to serve political movements," “serious violation
of legal procedures", “illegal suppression of defense rights,"
and “illegal punishment of lawyers."
Hu Jia, Beijing social activist: “Chinese people have a saying,
‘The social order will be twice better if police,
procuratorates and courts stop unruly acts."
If an individual from the Political and Legal system
commits any crime, it will lead to direct
and very serious violation of civil rights.
The reason is, he has the power to deprive
freedom and even human life.
He can talk “rule by the law" and meanwhile
That’s why we really don’t have much expectation
of this reform plan."
Hu Jia told Radio Free Asia that if the public security system
wants to show its sincerity in stopping police brutality
and preventing injustice cases, they should perform
an independent investigation on the case of human rights
activist Cao Shunli and further call involved
law enforcers to be held accountable for Cao’s death.
Interview/Zhu Zhishan Edit/ChendJie Post-Production/Chen Jianming