採訪/常春 編輯/張天宇 後製/李若琳
Hereditary privileges in China, Grassroots have no chance be highly promoted
An official commentary regarding the passing-on
of poverty that exists among the grassroots in China
has sparked a heated debate involving
100,000 Chinese netizens.
The article alleges that the main cause
of the grassroots’ lack of promotion opportunities
and the widened social stratification
is unbalanced education in cities and rural areas.
The view has been widely refuted by netizens.
Experts on social issues indicate that China’s
social stratification is mainly caused by the privilege system
and the hereditary power succession system
of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
The CCP mouthpiece, the People’s Daily, suggests
that there exist unbalanced educational resources in China’s cities and rural areas.
This, along with unfair competition, has caused
great numbers of rural students to give up on their college entrance examinations.
As a result, these have reduced chances for the grassroots’
promotion, and widened social stratification.
The article says that rural residents will remain in poverty
which will be passed down to their future generations because of this.
In contrast, a netizen posted, “A revolutionary father
can make his future generations all enjoy privileges.
They used these powers to block the poor from
enjoying their rights, which is the root cause.”
(Critic) Lin Zixu: “Currently, the poverty of the grassroots
in cities and in rural areas is almost the same.
Inequality can be seen everywhere in China.
The CCP officials have controlled the vast majority
of the social resources.
Their relatives and friends have grappled
nearly all opportunities in China.
How can ordinary people’s children compete with them?
Speaking of the blocked promotion opportunities,
the biggest obstacle is the CCP privileged group.”
Lin Zixu indicates that by now, the grassroots in China
have hardly safeguarded their basic rights of subsistence.
For example, the CCP officials and princelings
have all enjoyed custom-made food.
In contrast, the civilians eat contaminated food daily.
That’s a widening gap in health and physical fitness
between the grassroots and the privileged group, let alone the personal growth chance for the rural children.
Radio France Internationale (RFI) commented
on China’s privilege system.
It said that the privileged classes have vastly consumed
and wasted the maximum amount of public resources.
This has made it more difficult to establish social policies.
No country in the world like China has so many
people to compete for a civil service position.
This is because civil servants in China can gain numerous
benefits, whilst the group of CCP high-ranking officials
can enjoy their happy lives by getting money from
the state treasury, their private bank.
Media have commented on the CCP’s three approaches
taken in its governance—stability preservation, nepotistic rule, and enjoying privileges.
According to the comments, the CCP officials’ privileges
have polarized the rich and poor.
Their hereditary privilege succession has completely blocked
opportunities for the grassroots to develop in society.
Hong Kong’s Apple Daily have said that the CCP’s
hereditary power succession has three features.
The first is being protected from public criticism;
the CCP Central Organization Department and
Propaganda Department have duties to protect
the CCP princelings from public criticism.
The second is that they are given smooth paths
to become officials and doing business;
In contrast, ordinary college students have to get through
extremely fierce competition to obtain a civil service job.
The third is that there is a clear caste system of hereditary
power succession for example, Deng Xiaoping and Chen Yun
were the 2nd generation of CCP leaders.
Their children have been appointed state leaders.
Jiang Zemin and Li Peng were the 3rd generation,
their children have taken posts at the provincial level.
Li Xiaopeng, Li Peng’s son, is governor of Shanxi province.
The 4th generation covers Hu Jintao, Wu Bangguo,
and other CCP leaders.
Their children have served as sub-ministry department chiefs
and department directors.
Apple Daily stated that the three features show
the CCP’s hereditary power succession is not
some specific leaders’ individual acts,
rather, it is a planned collective action under consensus.
US-based researcher specializing in China issues, Zhang Jian:
“The CCP views this hereditary system as a kind of kinship.
It believes that without it, its rule will end.
So the CCP has stuck all interest groups (together),
and twisted them into a rope, to increase security.”
RFI says that a reform on China’s privilege system
will eventually be carried out.
If it occurs late, it may lead to financial and political crises,
and even evolve into a revolution.