採訪/劉惠 編輯/宋風 後製/蕭宇
Hu Deping: Cleaning up of the Party May Be Staged
Hu Deping is the son of Hu Yaobang,
former Chinese Communist Party(CCP) leader.
Hu Deping recently remarked on the CCP’s tidying of
the Party, which may be staged in this year.
Hu Deping argued that the CCP shall push for reforms, together
with ideological rectification and study of the Constitution.
Yet, scholars warn if the CCP fails to reform its one-party rule,
China will see a down-top revolution.
On April 2, Hong Kong’s Ming Pao newspaper reported on
Hu Deping’s talks at a forum on his new book.
He said the CCP Central Committee should push
for reforms, combined with an ideological rectification and tidying of the Party.
“Major resistance will make it difficult to carry out
reforms in all state departments and in all fields.
Even if it’s done, the outcome will result in some distortion.
It’s hard for any department or the State Council to
dominate reforms, only the CCP has the capability of doing it.”
According to Hu Deping, reforms should be
accompanied by tidying the image of the Party.
“At best, it’ll be an ideological rectification;
at worst, it’ll be tidying the Party image.
Those who have sought gains for themselves and
for interests groups, in serious cases, can be purged from the Party.”
Hu Deping’s talk also emphasized study of the Constitution.
The CCP should function within the scope of
the Constitution and laws, he said.
At the forum, Hu Deping took Wang Lijun as an example.
He said that Wang labeled innocent people as criminals
and tortured them to extort confessions.
Wang even authorized the police to randomly kill others
when encountering a life-threatening situation.
Recently in Shenzhen, the sub-district offices offered
financial rewards to police officers who could shoot and fatally wound criminals.
Hu Deping said that all these practices
are trampling the rule of law.
He remarked that reforms should be
based on reality.
Yao Jianfu, veteran researcher in the China Academy of
Management Science, comments.
He says, Deng Xiaoping raised the issue of “Party-
government separation”, which has disappeared today.
Therefore, the Party shall reform the Party itself,
to weaken its authority and axe remaining privileged groups.
Yao Jianfu: “To reform itself, is like cutting its own meat,
which is certainly difficult for the Party.
So it’s likely to result in reforms in economy
not in politics.
That is, it will propagate the people’s livelihood and
nationalism, but without advocating democracy.”
Yao Jianfu indicates that the CCP had known clearly about
the essence of China’s social problems before it took power.
In the 1940s, Xinhua Daily and Yan’an Liberation Daily
repeatedly published CCP’s then leaders’ advocacies.
Yao Jianfu: “In the late 1940s, Mao proposed
the direction and principles of the reform.
That is, abolishing the fascist dictatorship of one Party,
one doctrine and one leader.
The Selected Works of Mao Zedong recorded it.
So in today’s reforms, they should put it
into practice by abolishing one-party dictatorship.
If they don’t, that’s not political reform, but restructuring
state departments, just to improve efficiency.”
Hu Deping’s new book “Freely Airing My Views on Reforms”
collects his articles, speeches, interviews and letters since 1984.
It includes topics of reforms & opening up,
democracy & rule of law, private economy, among others.
Hu Deping wrote in the foreword, “freely airing my views”
refers to speaking my mind without fear.
On Bo Xilai’s campaign of fighting the mafia and
singing revolutionary songs,
Hu Deping advocated to
“negate the Cultural Revolution fundamentally”.
He said that democracy, political reform and the Constitution
shall be the ways out to resolve current social conflicts.
Yao Jianfu says that for the CCP’s reform,
the first thing to do is to follow international practice.
A political party cannot live on state funding and taxes.
Yao adds that officials should be separated from civil servants.
That’s also including official’s retirements and so on.
Yao Jianfu: “If it doesn’t stage a top-down peaceful
reform, social conflicts will continue to intensify.
That will lead to the outbreak of a down-top revolution.
Party leaders have actually known it clearly.
Case in point, Wang Qishan asked every cadre to read
『The Old Regime and the Revolution’, authored by Tocqueville.”
“The Old Regime and the Revolution” analyzes the old regime
in France, which collapsed due to corruption and losing popular support.
The book investigates the causes and forces that
caused the French Revolution.
According to the People’s Daily, today’s China
is mired in complex and intensified social conflicts.
To some extent, it is similar to the period of the
French Revolution, said the newspaper.
Yao Jianfu adds that so far, the CCP still resorts to violence,
instead of press freedom, to stabilize its rule.
He forecasts that a big revolution under “the old regime”
will be inevitable in the future.