採訪/陳漢 編輯/黃億美 後製/郭敬
What Is the Future of Xi Jinping’s “Zhejiang Model”?
Xi Jinping is considered to become successor of Hu Jintao.
Xi Jinping is Vice-President and the member of Politburo
Standing Committee, and has always had a low profile.
Many people are optimistic towards his political career,
especially the “Zhejiang Model” that he has created.
Some media outlets have even analyzed that the
“Zhejiang Model” will be the direction for his future policy.
Economists think that under the Chinese Communist
Party’s (CCP) system,
however, the question remains of whether
a good model can be implemented.
Following Xi Jinping’s selection as a member
of the Politburo Standing Committee,
many people suspected the CCP Central Committee had
decided Xi will become the next General Secretary of CCP.
According to the CCP process, Xi Jinping will succeed
Hu Jintao to become General Secretary during the 18th National Congress, which will take place this autumn.
He will then become the President in the National
People’s Congress (NPC), which will be held next March.
Hong Kong-based magazine “Open”
reported on the situation.
In addition to Wang Yang’s “Guangdong Model”, and recently
ousted Bo Xilai’s “Chongqing Model”, there is another model.
This model is called the “Zhejiang Model”, which was created
by Xi Jinping during his tenure in Zhejiang province.
The report states the “Zhejiang Model” might
become the future policy direction of Xi Jinping.
The report said that in “Zhejiang Model”, the government will
serve the people more, and interfere with the people less.
Society will move towards a model
of “small government, big society”.
In official propaganda, the so-called “Zhejiang Model"
develops a system in which the “state supports a small and medium-sized private enterprise”-based economy.
Xie Tian, a professor at the Aiken School of Business,
University of South Carolina U.S. commented.
In China over the past 30 years, small
and medium-sized companies tried to grow.
They were always restricted
by state-owned enterprises.
Xie Tian: “Because the CCP controls the main resources and
enterprises, including transportation, electricity and banking.
All the most important enterprises are controlled by the CCP.
But small and medium-sized companies have to face
the financial services, the telecommunications services and transportation services. They are restricted.”
Xie Tian said that in China, state-owned enterprises enjoy
different services in comparison with private enterprises.
This includes financing, political policies, taxes etc.
There are inequalities in all these areas.
It’s reported that when Xi Jinping was in office in Fujian
Province, he gave special positioning to the government.
Xi thought the government could only play a limited role,
meaning it must do some things, and not do other things.
In positioning itself to accurately focus energy
on the things that it should do,
it should place the things that it should not control
in the hands of society, granting power to companies.
Xie Tian: “Under the CCP dictatorship,
there’s no hope, even with a better model.
It looks good, but it remains a question whether it can
be implemented, and whether it can be put into action.
Under the CCP regime, I have the biggest
doubt of whether it can be implemented.”
Two years ago, Wikileaks disclosed a secret U.S. message.
It said Xi Jinping is a “good person”, who is not greedy
for money, not corrupt or sexually deviant.
Hong Kong’s “Open” magazine quoted a Beijing
source, which compared him with Hu Jintao.
Xi Jinping should be more accountable.
He may use less iron-fisted repression on dissidents.
Xie Tian: “For CCP’s leaders, they may have wishes
for a better future before they are on board.
But the CCP is a very evil organization.
Once a person takes the position of leader,
he knows his power is from the whole CCP system.
It is the CCP that gives him such strong power.
So, it’s very hard for the person to separate himself
from the CCP, and for him to lose his vested interests.”
Xie Tian thinks it’s very hard to say which style
of leadership the next CCP leader will take.
It’s hard to say whether he will be like another Boris Yeltsin
or Gorbachev, leaders of the former Soviet Communist Party.