【新唐人2013年04月27日訊】今年四月，在越南國會經濟委員會組織的「春季經濟論壇(Spring Economic Forum) 」，與會者搶著發言的現象，被越南經濟學家黎登營(Le Dang Doanh)形容為「爭論激烈」，他說，政府每年都向公眾承諾，情況會更好，但老百姓看不到，這是信任危機。另外，曾擔任越南兩位總理顧問的阮福祥表示，如果一黨治國的集權統治不改革，那麼越南就會走向滅亡。
身為馬克思主義學者的阮福祥(Nguyen Phuoc Tuong)，曾擔任越南兩位總理的顧問，他像許多越南人一樣，不再信奉共產主義，並強烈譴責越南政府。他在接受《紐約時報》採訪時表示，「現在，我們的體制是一黨治國的極權統治，我自己出自這個體制，我了解這個體制的所有缺點、弊端及腐化現象。如果不解決這個體制的問題，它就會滅亡。」
越南問題專家卡萊爾•A•塞耶(Carlyle A. Thayer)對《紐約時報》說，現在越南的情況，對於領導層的批評「已經在全社會爆發開來」。他還說，在越南有種矛盾的現象，就是﹕異見者越發活躍，壓制也是如此。
據報導，越南的商人抱怨，越共實行的政府監管讓他們不堪重負。而越南的房地產市場由於供過於求而陷入停頓，銀行壞賬負擔沉重，報紙上滿是失業率提高的文章，越南也被全球腐敗觀察機構「透明國際(Transparency International) 」列為腐敗最嚴重的國家之一。
Vietnamese Communist Party Rule Teetering
In April, the Economic Committee of the Vietnamese
National Assembly organized a conference, the Spring Economic Forum 2013.
The participants were reportedly fighting to
make a speech.
The New York Times cited Dr. Le Dang Doanh,
a leading economist, saying it was “stormy.”
Dr. Doanh said that each year, the government
promises that Vietnam will be better-off, whilst the masses have never seen it.
“It’s a crisis of trust.” Nguyen Phuoc Tuong, former
adviser to two Vietnamese premiers, was also quoted.
He said that if the one-party rule in Vietnam
is not changed, “it will collapse on its own.”
The NY Times reported that the Vietnamese
Communist Party (VCP) is “facing rising anger over a slumping economy.”
Meanwhile, the party is “riven by disputes pitting
traditionalists who want to maintain the country’s
guiding socialist principles and a monopoly on power
against those calling for a more pluralist system
and with that new system a full embrace of capitalism.”
(Critic) Wu Fan: “The VCP has long isolated itself
The public have always longed to
take the path towards democracy. Why?
Because South Vietnam had adopted a capitalist system
and an economic liberalization policy before it was taken over by North Vietnam.
Since then, the dissent has intensified, and
two-force infighting has been very fierce.”
The article mentioned Nguyen Phuoc Tuong, a Marxist
scholar and former adviser to two Vietnamese premiers.
Like many Vietnamese, he “no longer believes in communism”,
and “strongly condemned the Vietnamese Government.”
Tuong told the NY Times, “Our system now is
the totalitarian rule of one party.
I come from within the system — I understand all its flaws,
all its shortcomings, all its degradation.
If the system is not fixed, it will collapse on its own.”
77-year-old Nguyen Phuoc Tuong also remarked that
the tensions inside the VCP “have been heightened
by the troubles with the economy.”
In February, he helped to write an open letter
to the VCP’s general secretary
In the letter, he urged “changes to the country’s constitution
that would ensure that real power belongs to the people.”
He has not yet got any response.
Zhong Bo, Guangzhou-based historical researcher,
A government, under no public watchdog but riven
with centralized corruption, will inevitably collapse.
Zhong Bo: “Power is corrosive and
people also become addicted to it.
Mao Zedong once said that,
“the Soviet Union’s today is our tomorrow.”
So it’ll go through the same process
as the Soviet Union did.
Firstly, corruption and concentration of power appeared.
Then, the system became rotten, until its final demise.
That is a law that repeats itself throughout history.”
The VCP is the sole ruling party in Vietnam. It controls all
the administrative, legislative and judicial sectors.
The VCP members steer all these departments and
lead local authorities.
The NY Times cited Carlyle A. Thayer,
prominent among foreign scholars of Vietnam.
He said that in today’s Vietnam, “criticism of the
leadership has exploded across all levels of society.”
“There’s a contradiction in Vietnam,
dissent is flourishing, and so is repression.”
In facing growing voices of dissent, the Vietnamese
government has tried to crack down.
“Courts have sentenced numerous bloggers,
journalists and activists to prison.
Yet criticism, especially online, continues
seemingly unabated,” said the newspaper.
The article stated that Vietnamese business people
complain of overbearing government regulations imposed by the VCP.
“The real estate market is frozen by overcapacity,
banks are saddled with bad loans.
Newspapers are running articles about
Furthermore, Transparency International has ranked
Vietnam as one of the world’s most corrupt countries.
Wu Fan speaks about similarities
between the VCP and the CCP.
Wu Fan: “Firstly, the masses no longer accept the VCP’s rule;
Secondly, it faces a plummeting economy.
This is very similar to what the CCP faces in China. This has
fueled social conflicts and has ignited popular discontent.”
On April 24, a Vietnamese delegation arrived at Shanghai.
It was headed by Ngo Van Du, the VCP Central Committee
Secretariat, and Central Inspection Committee Chairman.
Ngo Van Du met with Wang Qishan, a member of
CCP Politburo Standing Committee.
Both sides reportedly claimed that they had strengthened
As well as having learned from each other’s “experiences on
combating corruption and building a clean government.”