採訪/易如 編輯/黃億美 後製/郭敬
Scholar criticized the Chinese Communist Party’s “suppression-only” policy in Xinjiang
Last week two violent clashes broke out in Turpan and
Hotan, Xinjiang province.
After that, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) politburo
standing committee member Yu Zhengsheng and secretary
of Politics and Law Commission Meng Jianzhu went there
to command the “stability maintenance battle” in person.
This indicates a tougher attitude of the Party toward
Xinjiang’s ethnic issue.
Ilham Tohti, a Uyghur scholar at Minzu University of China
in Beijing, warned that CCP suppression will only result in
stronger resistance from the Uyghur people.
Tohti called on the CCP leaders to change its policy to
avoid antagonizing the whole ethnic group.
July 5th is the 4th anniversary of the July Ürümqi Riots in 2009.
Every year around this time, the CCP sends out many armed
police and armored vehicles to tighten its control over Xinjiang.
According to some human rights organization, the Internet
of many governmental agencies had been cut off.
Mobile phones of governmental employees also stopped
sending or receiving messages.
At Ürümqi’s Xinjiang International Grand Bazaar, armed
police with firearms, shields and helmets patrol the streets.
The Xinjiang Armed Police Force also held a drill with
thousands of police and hundreds of vehicles.
In the meantime, the provincial public security department
issued an order for collecting knives from local residents.
It also offered awards for information of “suspicious
individuals” as part of a firmer crackdown.
Ilham Tohti, criticized the CCP for applying the coercion policy
in his home province and making conflicts among ethnic groups.
Tohti, a Uyghur, is famous for his courage of publicly
speaking out for Uyghur people’s rights.
On July 5th, He published an article on the website
Uyghur Online (uighurbiz.net).
Tohti wrote that: “I know our people very well.
This is a group with their own dream and strong feelings
of ethnic culture and historical tradition.
If given no respect, the Uyghur people may fight back in
every aspect in this open age of the Internet.”
The CCP defined the June clashes in Turpan
and Hotan as “terrorist incidents”.
As a rebuttal, Dilshat Reshit of the World Uyghur Congress
said the clashes were Uyghur peoples’ resistance
against the CCP’s coercion policy.
Political commentator Lan Shu remarked that,
the Uyghur people were suppressed by the CCP not only
in politics, but also in religion and ethnicity.
In such a situation, their resistance is certainly stronger
than that of other Han Chinese.
Lan Shu: ”If the CCP fails to crack down on the Uyghur people,
probably other Han Chinese will follow and resist in even larger scales.
This is why the CCP is so afraid. That’s why it sends out large
numbers of police and troops to the suppression.
At the same time, the propaganda department works hard
distorting conflicts between minority ethnic groups
and the CCP into a ‘sovereignty issue’.”
Lan Shu said, by describing Uyghur people’s requests
as a “sovereignty issue”,
and labeling their resistance as a “terrorist attack”,
the CCP tried to generate fights between ethnic groups.
Especially for Chinese who live in other places, they can easily hold
hostility against the Uyghur people without knowing the truth.
Beijing human rights activist Hu Jia said that, currently China’s
most important conflict is between the CCP and civilians.
This results from violent suppressions of the party
members against ordinary people.
This time the bloodshed clashes in Xinjiang happened
under an intensified control by the CCP police.
This indicated that more Uyghur people are becoming
willing to resist the party at the cost of their lives.
Hu Jia: ”Suppression may not lead to immediate resistance.
Sometimes people dare not to speak it out loud.
However, this does not mean that
there is no grudge in their minds.
If the current dictatorship regime continues in China
without any democratic progress,
we will only see more terror and violence in the future.
The suppression-only policy will only lead to worse ethnic
problems and more violent resistance.”
On July 5th, 2009, massive violent riots broke out in Ürümqi,
the capital city of the Xinjiang.
It was officially announced that 197 were killed and
1721 were injured during the clashes.
However, as the CCP immediately started a news
blackout after the incident.
The real number deaths remain unknown to the world.