【禁闻】云南鲁甸震中90%房屋全倒 伤亡主因

【新唐人2014年08月07日讯】中国云南鲁甸县日前发生的6.5级地震,造成灾区损失惨重,中共喉舌公布,地震摧毁了8万多所房屋,12万4千多所房屋损坏,25万人无家可归。处在地震中央的鲁甸县龙头山镇,90%的房屋全倒。官方坦承,鲁甸县的房屋抗震能力差,是这次地震伤亡人数巨大的原因之一。

云南省鲁甸县8月3号发生的6.5级地震,震中在鲁甸县的龙头山镇,震源距离地面只有12公里,大地震虽然只持续15秒左右,却导致龙头山镇90%的房屋完全倒塌,大部分居民来不及跑出,被活埋在土堆之下。

云南省民政厅公布,截至6号上午10点30分,地震已造成589人死亡,9人失踪,2800多人受伤,108万人受灾,8万多间房屋倒塌,12万4千多所房屋损坏,25万人无家可归,108万人受灾。

据报导,在受灾最严重的鲁甸县龙头山的一个镇上,所有房子在数分钟内全部倒塌。但与之形成鲜明对比的是,龙头山老街一栋64年前建造的三层木楼却巍然屹立,让两个在屋里熟睡的孩子躲过一劫。

这座木楼创造的“奇迹”引起各界对当地“豆腐渣”问题的关注。中共民政部也坦承,鲁甸县的房屋普遍未经抗震设防,房屋抗震能力差,是这次地震伤亡人数巨大的原因之一。

正在云南灾区救援的王女士表示,严重伤亡的背后,是当地政府漠视生命导致的人祸因素。她说,之前当地多次发生地震,但当局都没有在地震后进行危房排查。

云南地震灾区救援志愿者王女士:“如果在做危房排查的时候,先多做一点,也不会出现这种情况,因为从2012年的宜良地震,到今年的4月5日永善地震,它们的余震也是不断,对他们的房屋来讲,已经是受到一定的破损,所以都是属于有裂缝,或者是半危房的状态下,他们还继续的居住。”

资料显示,云南昭通县在近百年的历史上,曾遭受至少15起地震灾害,1974年的7.1级大地震,曾导致1423人死亡;2003年11月15号的鲁甸5.1级地震,和今年永善县5.3级地震,震级不大,却都造成当地政府大楼,或结构性破坏,或大梁断裂,或出现裂纹等。

中国地质科学院地质研究所、客座研究员嵇少丞在一篇文章中说:“历次震灾统计表明,地震中95%人员死亡是缘于建筑物的倒塌。”

四川成都的地质学家杨勇表示,在地震活动带建水库或大坝,而引起地震,有很多先例,所以在这样的地带,兴建水电站一定要三思而行。

四川成都地质学家杨勇:“这次这个地震从它的地震的震源点和它周边水库的情况,似乎有一些巧合性,牛栏江上的月亮湾、天花板(水电站)以及干流上还有一些正在建的电站,这两年都陆陆续续都在蓄水,而这次月亮湾和天花板水库离震中点只有10公里左右。”

杨勇指出,在昭通周边的江河上还有至少3座大型水电站,其中溪洛渡、向家坝规模都很大,虽然离震中有4、50公里,但也不排除水库蓄水过程中,在这个区域引发了频繁的地震。

2008年四川汶川地震时,当地的“紫坪铺水库”距离震中仅几公里,地震后,怵目惊心的“豆腐渣”工程被曝光,大陆作家谭作人,因先后23次进入震区调查,并替死去的孩子们讨还公道,被当局以“煽动颠覆国家政权罪”,判监5年。

四川的“中国天网人权事务中心”负责人黄琦,也因参与汶川地震“豆腐渣”工程维权活动,2009年被当局判监3年。去年四川雅安地震发生后,当局因害怕他揭露汶川地震后重建的新“豆腐渣”工程,而禁止他前往雅安地震灾区救援。

采访编辑/李韵 后制/陈建铭

Main Reason for Casualties in Ludian Earthquake,
due to 90% House Collapse.

The 6.5 earthquake in Yunnan, Ludian County resulted
in disastrous losses.
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) mouthpiece announced,
the earthquake destroyed more than 80,000 houses; 124,000 houses were damaged; 250,000 people were homeless.

90% of houses completely collapsed at the epicenter,
Longtoushan town of the Ludian County.
An official admitted that the poor seismic capacity of Ludian
County houses is the main reason for
the huge earthquake casualties.

On the 3rd August, an earthquake measuring 6.5 on the Richter
scale occurred in Yunnan Ludian County, with a focal depth of 12 kilometers from the epicenter leading from Ludian County.
Although the earthquake only lasted about 15 seconds,
90% of the houses completely collapsed.
Most residents were unable to escape and were buried alive.

Yunnan Provincial Civil Affairs Department announced, by
10:30 on the 6th August, the earthquake caused 589 deaths,
with 9 missing, 2800 injured, 108000 people were affected,
more than 80,000 houses collapsed, 124,000 houses damaged and 250,000 people were homeless.

It is said that all houses collapsed in a few minutes in the
worst-hit town of Ludian county.
On the contrary, a-64-years old three layer wooden house in an
old street of that town still stands there, which saved the
two sleeping children in the room.

The miracle created by the wood house attracted all the
attention to the jerry-built projects.
CCP Ministry of Civil Affairs also admitted no earthquake
fortification and poor seismic capacity of the houses in
Ludian county is one of the main reasons for
the huge earthquake casualties.

The rescue lady Ms. Wang said, the serious number of
casualties show the local government’s man-made
factor of disregarding life.

She said the local authorities didn’t investigate the
dangerous houses after a couple of earthquakes before.

The volunteer rescue lady Ms Wang: it wouldn’t happen if
they had done a little more in the investigating of dangerous houses.

Since the 2012 Yiliang earthquake to the Yongshan
earthquake on the 5th April, there were many aftershocks.
Their houses have been damaged with some cracks or are in a
semi-dilapidated state, but they continue to live.

The statistics show that the Yunnan Zhaotong town suffered at
least 15 earthquake disasters within a hundred years.
The 7.1 earthquake in 1974 had resulted in 1,423 deaths;
Ludian 5.1 earthquake on the 15th November 15th, 2003 and 5.3
earthquake in Yongshan County of this year were less in
magnitude, but all resulted in local government buildings
being damaged in structure, beam fractures or cracks, etc.

Institute of Geology from Chinese Academy of Geological
Sciences, visiting researcher Ji Shaocheng said in an article:
95% of the deaths in the earthquake is due to the building
collapse from the previous earthquake statistics.

Chengdu, Sichuan geologist Yang Yong said that there are
many precedents that the construction of reservoirs or dams had caused the earthquake.
So we should think twice before doing this.

Chengdu Geologist Yang Yong: There might be some
coincidence of this earthquake from its seismic source and the reservoirs around the area.

The Moon bay, the ceiling hydroelectric station of Niulan
river, as well some under construction power stations on the main river were all storing water in two years.
The Moon bay and the ceiling hydroelectric station are only 10
km away from the epicenter.

Yang Yong pointed out that there are at least three large
hydropower stations on the rivers surrounding Zhaotong city.
Among those hydropower stations, Xiluodu,
Xiangjiaba are all large.
Although they are 4,50 kilometers from the epicenter, you
can’t eliminate their storage process in this area possibly
leading to frequent earthquakes.

The local Zipingpu reservoir is only a few kilometers from
the epicenter in the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake.
After the earthquake, the local jerry-built
projects were exposed.
The mainland writer Tan Zuoren was sentenced to 5 years
imprisonment on charges of inciting subversion of the state’s
political power due to be investigated 23 times into the
earthquake zone and appealed for the dead children.

China Tianwang Human Rights Centre Sichuan director
Huang Qi was sentenced to 3 years in 2009 imprisonment due to
participation in the jerry-built projects after
the wenchuan earthquake.
The authorities banned him from the rescue zone in Ya’an
earthquake zone last year in fear of his exposure about the
re-built jerry-built projects after the Wenchuan earthquake.

Interview & Edit/LiYun Post-Production/chen jianming

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