采访/常春 编辑/张天宇 后制/钟元
Uncovered – the Real Reason for Professor Xia’s Dismissal
China’s liberal scholar and former Associate Professor at
Peking University (PKU) School of Economics Xia Yeliang,
was dismissed by PKU purportedly for
“poor teaching evaluation scores."
Recently uncovered emails between Xia Yeliang and a
Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Secretary of
Beijing University reveal that:
the real reason for Xia’s dismissal is related to
his public support for the “New Citizens Movement"
promoted by NGO “Open Constitution Initiative" founder Xu Zhiyong.
Forty-year-old Xu Zhiyong is a well-known
legal and constitutional scholar in China.
For years now he has been committed to civic initiatives.
He launched the “Open Constitution Initiative" organization, known as Gongmeng, is also
one of the key founders of the “New Citizens Movement."
In December 2013,Xu Zhiyong was formally indicted
by the authorities allegedly for “gathering and disturbance to
CCP Party Secretary Zhang Zheng of the School of Economics
at PKU wrote an email to PKU School of Economics Associate
Professor Xia Yeliang warning:
PKU opposes Xia Yeliang participation in
the joint signature activity to support Xu Zhiyong
and demands that Xia Yeliang cancel his signature ASAP
and make a written confession on the cancellation.
The request was rejected by Xia.
Two and a half months later, PKU dismissed
Xia Yeliang, on the pretext of:
“Persistently Ranked in the Lowest Position of
Teaching Evaluation Scores, for a number of years."
Xia Yeliang pointed out that PKU had
“grievances" with him for a long time.
His support for the “New Citizen Movement" was undoubtedly
the fuse for him being dismissed.
Xia Yeliang: “In the past decade, I sent many criticisms
to the party and government, such as
my open letter to Liu Yunshan in May 2009,
support for a lot of domestic human rights protests, etc.
Xu Zhiyong was arrested for asking officials to
publish their property.
I think this is the right of a citizen.
It is very unfair, I certainly want to support citizen rights."
On August 8, 2013, Zhang Zheng sent Xia Yeliang an email
saying that a teacher who is a CCP member should not request
public officials to publish their property.
Zhang Zheng also said Xu Zhiyong’s arrest was based on
so-called legal procedures by the Public Security Departments.
As a CCP member, one must obey the party’s discipline.
Xia Yeliang: “The School thinks what I did is not
in line with their requirements.
They even told me what I did was wrong.
Then I refuted."
Xia Yeliang stated in his email to Zhang Zheng that:
“Our perspectives over Dr. Xu Zhiyong’s detainment
for asking officials to publish their personal property
has somewhat large differences.
Xu Zhiyong received his Ph.D in Laws at PKU.
Clearly he is more qualified to speak in this respect than us."
Xia Yeliang: “A citizen has the right to express their wish
for the upholding of the Constitution.
Asking officials to declare their property
for the public and media to supervise is real anti-corruption.
CCP’s internally disciplines and anti-corruption only hit a few.
The majority of corrupt officials are not curbed,
as the CCP does not attack their own factions.
So the CCP’s anti-corruption is selective."
Xia Yeliang replied in this email: “the so-called
‘PKU is always ahead’ because the school was inclusive
of various strands of thought before 1949.
People were not punished for speech,
nor monitored, followed, house arrested or detained
for ideology that is different from the Party.
PKU is a national prestigious university
supported by people’s taxes.
It should not be a CCP Party school,
nor should it become a tool for
one-party dictatorship and ideological control."
Xia Yeliang also wrote: “If PKU insists on
dismissing him according to the command from above,
it would be a disgraceful event in the history of PKU."
Xia Yeliang: “My motivation is to promote China to become
a country of Constitutional Democracy,
that every citizen has his own freedom,
including freedom of expression, speech,
press, association and property rights.
I think that is worthy of the title of a PKU Member.
As a liberal intellectual in China,
I step out at a certain point in time, in history to say
something out of conscience for the future of our nation,
to promote social progress a little bit.
Of course, I feel what I did is very worthwhile."
Although Xia Yeliang lost his job at PKU
for sticking to his belief, he expressed that he would
make the same decision again, given the opportunity.
Interview/ChangChun Edit/ZhangTianyu Post-Production/ZhongYuan