采访/陈汉 编辑/黄亿美 后制/钟元
Economist: Six Wrong Concepts Hinder China’s Reform
In the ‘2013 Annual China Report’ published by the Chinese
version of Financial Times, a number of scholars and experts in
economy and politics addressed their opinions about
China issues in 2013.
One Beijing University economist says that reform must
transcend conceptual pitfalls.
The following is our report.
Zhang Weiying is a professor of Economics at
He says six wrong concepts have China trapped
and seriously impede China’s progress.
The first wrong concept is the “China Model."
Mr. Zhang says China’s current economy takes advantage of
what’s developed on the basis of capitalistic freedoms.
“The Chinese are using the computers, mobile phones,
vehicles, and Internet, the products of free social system.
They are not created by the non-free society."
He added: “The China model” is very much a misconception.
The second error is that some people say experiences over
the past 30 years have proved that without political reform,
China’s market-oriented economy has continued to grow.
Mr. Zhang says that “the time has passed."
He explains: “Human beings need dignity and freedom,
including freedom of speech, freedom of thought,
and the rights and freedom to spiritual belief.
Without recognizing individuals’ natural and legal rights,
the legitimacy of any ruling power will be challenged."
Xie Tian, professor of School of Business at University of
South Carolina Aiken: " Zhang Weiying’s view reflects a
very common debate among Chinese intellectuals.
That is, many of them have recognized that
the CCP is the core of China’s problems."
The third error is that many people believe that the vested
interest groups are taking advantage of the current system.
Mr. Zhang says many such vested interest groups have fallen.
Bo Xilai, a Peking University graduate, would not have had
such a fate if it weren’t for such a system.
He says the vested interest groups should not be blinded
by the immediate interests.
They should recognize: Human rights are better than
the privileged rights.
The privileged rights may ensure interests temporarily, but
without human rights, it also signals insecurity at any time.
Zhang Jian, commentator: “There is a saying, ‘When the river
flows warm in spring, the ducks are the first to know.’
Look at those corrupt officials who own the state’s assets.
They’d rather carry a name of being a ‘naked official’,
they sent their children overseas.
That is a very strong signal about the economy and politics
in China. It is very precarious."
The fourth wrong concept Zhang Weiying proposes is that
state-owned enterprises are the foundation of the CCP ruling.
He says the fact is that, “Private enterprises have
developed because of the reform and opening up,
and thus the productivity was created," and that is how
the Communist regime was maintained.
As Mr. Zhang sees it, China’s state-owned enterprises have
become negative equity for its low efficiency, which has
damaged the livelihood and the financial capacity of the state.
They have created unfairness, corruption and moral depravity,
and have aroused strong dissatisfaction from the people.
The fifth trap is the notion that, “Political power grows out of
the barrel of a gun." Mr. Zhang says that when a regime
has lost its ruling legitimacy or legality, the numbers of
the guns will not help, because the guns will follow the ideas.
The sixth trap is the belief of “the more power the government
hold, the stronger it is."
Mr. Zhang says the man-ruled government looks strong,
but in fact is very fragile, at least in the long run,
because it will not get the people’s full trust.
Xie Tian: “The Chinese intellectuals should stand up and
lead the society to disintegrate the CCP, and to freedom.
I think Zhang Weiying’s article and the concepts he mentioned
relate to the issue of completely cleaning out the CCP culture."
Zhang Jian: “China’s political and institutional reform
have been taking separate paths.
Consequently, they are going farther away from one another.
The political reform is going towards a dead end.
Anything Xi and Li do will not change the brutal dictatorship
and one-party nature of the Communism.
If this characteristic isn’t changed,
then China has no hope of political reform."
Zhang Weiying had brought up his opinion last year that,
“Corruption may collapse the Party, but not China.”
He emphasized that the success of reform
requires returning governing to the people.