【禁闻】西藏遭严密封锁 维稳仍遇挑战

【新唐人2011年3月9日讯】三月是藏历传统新年的大节日,但最近中共官方发出了不许海外游客和记者进入西藏的指示,并加强保安部署,连大昭寺也有军警持枪戒备。国外媒体认为,这也反映了中共的一贯高压立场;学者认为,这不是问题的根本解决之道。

《法新社》报导,从旅行社和游客提供的信息,鉴于拉萨“3.14事件”三周年即将来临,当局宣布西藏在三月份不接待外国游客。

而《自由亚洲电台》证实,中共当局还不许海外及港澳记者进入西藏。即使持有有效中国签证,或《进藏批准函》、《进藏确认函》及采访许可的记者要到西藏,也被婉拒,理由是:藏族传统新年期间各单位放假。

对此,西藏自治区党委书记张庆黎解释,整个3月份西藏宗教活动频繁;同时西藏仍处于寒冷的冬季,不适合旅游。不过,张庆黎还表示,西藏今年仍然面临所谓“分裂分子”活动的“严峻挑战”。

对此,《美联社》评论:张庆黎的讲话凸显了:中共政府对西藏地区一切不同意见,采取无情镇压的立场。

张庆黎的讲话正好遇到“拉萨事件”三周年即将到来,那次事件至少140名藏人丧生。而深受国际与藏人敬仰的达赖喇嘛,一直被中共政府指责为是分裂西藏的藏独分子,幕后主导了拉萨事件。

西藏流亡政府立法议员格桑坚赞对《美国之音》表示,中共统治西藏60年了,西藏仍然是令他们头痛的问题,是因为至今没能把问题解决好,却把责任推给达赖喇嘛。

格桑坚赞:“虽然他们把这些所谓的挑战全部归咎于他们所说的海外的什么敌对势力、达赖集团等,其实我们知道,就是因为他们没有把事情做好,才导致现在西藏起来反抗中共统治。”

拉萨事件之后,大陆多名有识之士呼吁政府改革西藏政策,尊重藏人的宗教、风俗、传统等权利,实行真正的民族区域自治。

北京宪政学者张博树曾撰写了《西藏问题的根本出路》一书。张博树表示,西藏首先要解决的是民族区域政策问题:“这个问题概括来说就是两条,第一是党委书记当家,或者就是一党专制,第二是汉人当权,对当地少数民族干部不是很信任。”

张博树还表示,中央政府如果能改正民族区域政策,能够从内心真正尊重藏人的政治、宗教、文化权利,就不会再把藏人的争取视为是不稳定的、分裂的动乱因素,也不会再使用一种简单化的逻辑:只要西藏一出什么问题,就去指责境外的所谓敌对力量进行挑拨和指使。

新唐人记者宋风、孙宁综合报导。

CCP’s Ban on Foreigners and Journalists to Enter Tibet Meet with Strong Rebound

March is the traditional Tibetan New Year.
The authorities recently imposed a ban on
foreign visitors and journalists to enter Tibet,
with tight securities even in Jokhang Temple.
Foreign media believe that this is in line with
the CCP’s typical high-handed policy.
Scholars say it cannot fundamentally solve the issues.

Agence France-Presse reported, as per travel agencies,
as the 3rd anniversary of “3.14” Lhasa incident approaches,
a ban is imposed on foreigners to enter Tibet in March.

Radio Free Asia confirmed, journalists from abroad,
Hong Kong and Macau are also prohibited,
even for the reporters with valid Tibet-entering permits.
The reason is, all businesses are closed for the new year.

The CCP secretary in Tibet, Zhang Qingli, explained,
Tibetan religious activities are frequent in March.
Also, it is still cold and not suitable for traveling.
He also said Tibet still faces challenges from “separatists.”

The Associated Press commented that
Zhang’s remarks indicated the CCP’s position
of ruthlessly cracking down on all Tibetan dissidents.

Zhang’s remarks came just before the 3rd anniversary
of “Lhasa incident”, which caused at least 140 deaths.
The CCP authorities have always accused Dalai Lama
of having orchestrated the event behind the scene.

Kelsang Gyaltsen, an MP of exiled Tibetan government
told Voice of America, after 60 years of CCP rule,
Tibet remains to be a headache to them.
CCP hasn’t been able to handle the Tibetan issue well.
Instead, it pushes all the blames to Dalai Lama.

Gyaltsen: Although they attribute all these so-called
challenges to “overseas hostile forces” and Dalai Lama,
in fact it is CCP that failed to handle the Tibetan issue,
causing the Tibetans to stand up and resist its rule.

After Lhasa incident, many Chinese intellectuals urged
the authorities to reform Tibetan policies,
to respect Tibetan religion, customs and traditions
and truly allow Tibet to carry out self-governance.

Zhang Boshu, a constitutional scholar in Beijing
wrote a book “The Way to Resolve the Tibet Issue”.
Zhang said the regional policy needs to be resolved first.
“In short, its one-party autocracy and the rule by
officials of Han ethnicity, who distrust local Tibetan cadres.
The only way out is the autonomy of Tibetan people.

Zhang also said, if the central government can change
the regional policy and respect the Tibetans’ rights,
they will not regard their requests as unstable factors.
Neither will they use a simplified logic:
all Tibetan issues are due to the incitation by hostile forces.

NTD reporter Song Feng and Sun Ning

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