採訪/陳漢 編輯/宋風 後製/李勇
Chinese Scholar: China’s Academic Institutions Serve Only the Party
Xia Yeliang, one of China’s most outspoken liberal
scholars, was recently removed from Peking University.
This event has aroused concern among
academics, both at home and abroad.
Xia Yeliang supports a free market economy, and is an
advocate for the establishment of a liberal democracy.
He is also concerned about academia in China.
He thinks Chinese academic institutions have
become institutions that only serve the Party.
They are filled with plagiarism and deceptive
work, with little valuable research results.
Xia Yeliang is very outspoken, so under the current
ruling regime, his treatment does not come as a surprise.
Xia Yeliang was an Associate Professor
at Peking University School of Economics.
During his tenure as a visiting scholar at the
Hoover Institution at Stanford University this
August, Xia spoke to international media.
He commented on how academic research at U.S.
universities, as well as U.S. think tanks, was completely
independent of the government, and of political parties.
Chinese academic institutions have become institutions
that serve the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Xia Yeliang commented that in China, the
opinion of economists does not really matter.
The role they can play is to write some policy reports.
They have to demonstrate the correctness and feasibility
of an idea based on the ideas of the central leadership.
If you don’t like the ideas expressed by the central
leadership, it is not possible to raise these objections.
In mid-October, Peking University
terminated Xia’s employment.
Why there is no place for Xia Yeliang in the CCP system?
Most people believe it is because of his anti-CCP comments.
Sun Wenguang, retired professor, Shandong
University: “If you do research according to
instructions from superiors, there is no problem.
If your research is beyond the scope of his delineation,
or has a critical angle, they will stop funding approvals.
Even your work is difficult to protect.”
If the overriding environment in China does not change,
there is no guarantee that other higher learning institutions
will dismiss other ‘dissident academics’, like Xia Yeliang.
53-year-old Xia Yeliang, was listed as one of China’s hundred
most influential public intellectuals for four consecutive years.
In May 2009, Xia Yeliang published “An open
letter to Propaganda Minister Liu Yuanshan.”
He sharply criticized the strict controls on media
and ideology, and the dissemination of knowledge.
In addition, plagiarism is endemic
in academic research in China.
Research units don’t care about the
research, but focus on the funding.
In the humanities, Xia considers that less
than 5% of research has any real value.
Xia Yeliang further commented that China will not have
a real academic research if there are no independent
academic institutions and independent intellectuals.
China’s educational system, under one-party dictatorship,
only cultivates cynics, rather than independent intellectuals.
Liu Yinquan, a U.S. based Chinese history professor,
thinks that the CCP tampered with many historical facts.
Liu Yinquan: “I was engaged in historiography.
When I was in college, I had said in class lectures
that China’s historians have become political slaves.”
Liu Yinquan said that the CCP is actually a branch
of the Comintern, or international Communism.
It therefore served for the interests of the Soviet Union, and
later ceded large tracts of China’s land to the Soviet Union.
Now the CCP said that it is patriotic and others are traitors.
Liu also pointed out that descriptions of the
Anti-Japanese War, as well as the Northern and
the late Qing Dynasty is far from historical fact.
Xia Yeliang published an article in “Phoenix Magazine.”
He commented that the country’s young people, under
18 years old are minors, and should only accept an
education free of any political ideology or indoctrination.
We should teach them natural, geographical, objective,
historical facts with a sense of society, ethics, and law.
Until 18 years old, they should be allowed to
access political beliefs, to form their own opinions.
Liu Yinquan: “Academia in China, from kindergarten,
through university to doctoral graduate, requires acceptance
of educational indoctrination, being fed with toxic culture.”
Xia Yeliang was already well prepared to be suppressed.
He commented on Twitter and his microblog
that, “I will not commit suicide in the future.
This is regardless of whether I am suffering illness,
political persecution, life hardships or other conditions.
If it is reported I committed suicide, it must have been framed.
Accident or drowning is also not credible. I have no other
enemy, except the tyranny of the CCP. I leave this on record”