Killing Is the Word in China’s Land Reform
Mainland authors wrote that land reform in China
was full of bloody terror.
Two million landlords were killed
by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Whereas, in Taiwan, under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek,
the rural reform had no fighting, and not one person
had to die; it was accomplished by peaceful economic means.
Commentators point out that the communist theory of class
struggle made the difference between Taiwan and Mainland China.
Wang Guicheng, senior language teacher in a middle school,
said that the Taiwanese government bought the land from landlords,
then sold it to farmers.
Poor farmers used an installment plan to buy the land
according to their actual needs and their abilities to pay.
Farmers provide produce for the country and they pay
for the land with their profits every year.
The government provides incentives to landlords
to establish enterprises, business and services.
Incomes from modern industries were much more than rent
from land, so landlords were happy.
Money from land sales thus turned into capital development
of modern enterprises.
Feng Xingyuan, deputy director of Beijing Institute
of economics:"Before the CCP took over China,
farmers supported its policy of fighting landlords
and dividing the land.
Once they seized China, they continued to implement
this policy regardless of the legitimacy of the land.
My grandfather used to have many houses and a lot of land.
However, he lost them due to smoking opium,
so nothing bad happened to him.
He was a very hard working man and bought land
whenever he had saved enough money.
My father-in-law was the same way.
After one had accumulated enough land,
one became a landlord.
Killing landlords during the CCP’s land reform was carried
out in accordance with the proportions and killing quotas."
Feng Xingyuan: “In a Ningbo village, there were two
landlords, and people called them big rascal and little rascal.
Everyone thought the little rascal was nice and would
not be killed, but both of them were shot to death.”
Author Wang Guicheng believes that Taiwan’s land reform
was remarkable for its class collaboration.
Landowners, farmers and the government sat down
to discuss ways to solve the land problem so that
farmers would benefit and landlords would not be hurt.
After landlords replaced their land with stocks of enterprises,
they turned into industrial and commercial giants.
Rural reform enabled a full development of Taiwan’s
economy, and over a decade of efforts,
Taiwan entered the ranks of advanced countries in the world.
In the 1970s, with Taiwan’s skyrocketing economy,
it became one of the four little dragons in Asia.
Yao Jian Fu, researcher of the former State Council Rural
Development Research Center points out that the CCP
knew about peaceful means, but essentially decided
to use violent means.
“Peaceful land reform was being criticized at that time.
Ye Jianying, a former leader of the CCP, was prepared
to adopt peaceful land reform in Guangdong.
It did not work out that way, and in the end,
the class struggle won.
In a class struggle, you gobble me up, and I gobble you up,
which is a matter of life and death."
Wang Guicheng quoted a Chinese scholar in America
who said that in both the Soviet Union and China,
landlords were eliminated, which caused slow
They have not transformed from an agricultural economy
into an industrial economy.
In Europe, the United States and the Asian four dragons,
they eliminated poor farmers instead—farmers became
workers and landlords became capitalists—which turned
an agricultural economy into an industrial economy.
The harder the Chinese people work, the poorer
On the contrary, people in other countries become richer
by working harder.
Yao Jian Fu points out that the CCP’s entire theory revolves
around class struggle, advocating violent revolution.
In the CCP’s dictionary, there is one word, “destroy."