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【禁闻】习李亲上文宣火线 新头衔示收权?

纽约时间: 2014-02-28 03:20 PM 
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【新唐人2014年03月01日讯】继〝中央全面深化改革领导小组〞及〝中央国家安全委员会〞后,中共现任当局再次推出中央级的〝网络安全和信息化小组〞,由中共国家主席习近平出任组长,中共国务院总理李克强以及中共政治局常委刘云山分别出任副组长。外界如何看待这个新成立的小组呢?习、李的新头衔又意味着什么?一起来了解。
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2月27号,中共〝中央网络安全和信息化领导小组〞成立,并在北京召开第一次会议;习近平亲任组长;李克强、刘云山任副组长。

这是继今年1月22号和24号,中共分别组建〝中央国家安全委员会〞和〝中央全面深化改革领导小组〞之后,第三个由中共高层牵头成立的高配机构。

在〝中央全面深化改革领导小组〞和〝中央国家安全委员会〞这两大权力机构中,习近平、李克强分任第一把手和第二把手;而刘云山仅在〝中央全面深化改革领导小组〞任第三把手。

至于刚刚成立的〝中央网络安全和信息化领导小组〞,刘云山虽然是中共文宣的对口主管,但反而被排挤到了第三位。

时事评论员夏小强分析,这显示刘云山在文宣口的权力被进一步削弱,这也是习近平和李克强全面向江泽民集团收取权力的行动之一。

时事评论员夏小强:〝此前成立的中央全面深化改革领导小组和国家安全委员会,从江派收回了政法委的巨大权力,改变了江泽民此前定下的常委分工制,习近平和李克强正在完成中共内部权力架构的改变。网络安全属于中共宣传系统,在中共的权力分配中作用重大,此前宣传系统一直由江派把持,过去是李长春,现在是刘云山。〞

日前,中纪委罕见高调对《新华社》进行批评。夏小强指出,这释放出了当局要整肃文宣系统的信号。

夏小强:〝2013年年初爆发的‘南周事件’,让习近平难堪、舆论哗然。2013年4月,刘云山又和习近平当局要废除的劳教制度展开媒体拉锯战。刘云山命令,大陆转载的马三家劳教所黑幕的文章全部删除;同时中宣部发出的密令曝光:对马三家劳教所的相关报导,一律不转不报不评。我预计习、李在担任网络安全正副组长之后,刘云山和中宣部的权力将会弱化,江派逐渐会失去宣传的话语权。〞

今年是中国接入国际互联网20周年。根据中国互联网网络信息中心发布的报告,截止2013年底,中国网民规模已经突破6亿。

美国国务院2月27号发布的《2013年度全球人权报告》中,特别提到中共在过去一年里〝加强了对网络的控制,并加紧打压反腐示威者和其他活动人士。 〞

中国网络作家荆楚认为,中共花那么大的力气去管制网络信息自由,说明他们在意识形态上已经破产了。

中国网络作家荆楚:〝他们十分紧张、十分心虚,想尽办法来控制纳税人的言论。处于歇斯底里的、没有自信的一种状态。自由发言这个社会才可能有活力。到了老百姓讲起就怕、就发抖的情况下,只能说明这个政权已经到了穷途末路了。〞

尽管中共为牵制言论自由,设置的网络屏障越来越多,但令中共措手不及的是〝道高一丈〞的翻墙软件

在破网软件的帮助下,数以百万计的大陆网民轻松的突破网络封锁,使中共的防火墙变成一堆废物。目前人气鼎盛的破网软件,包括〝自由门〞和〝无界浏览〞等。

与此同时,据《法国国际广播电台》报导,近来关注和研究中国公民运动海外民运人士,都注意到中国出现了一个新党〝网民党〞。这个〝网民党〞人数多于中国共产党党员总数的一倍乃至数倍,成为网络言论的主体。而且只要中共不关闭互联网,它就没有办法把〝网民党〞消灭掉。

采访/朱智善 编辑/王子琦 后制/舒灿


Xi Jinping Centralizes Power by Heading the Internet Control Group

Following the establishment of the State Security Committee and the Comprehensively Deepening Reform Team, Beijing launched a third organ, the Central Internet Security and Informatization Leading Group, headed by Xi Jinping.Premier Li Keqiang and Politburo Standing Committee Liu Yunshan are the group's deputy heads. What does this new group mean to the world? How should we comprehend Li's additional title? Let's take a look.

This newly established organ headed by Xi Jinping, known as the Central Internet Security and Informatization Leading Group, held its first meeting in Beijing on Feb. 27, with Li Keqiang and Liu Yunshan serving as deputy heads.

This is the third governmental organ established by the central regime this year, after the two state level organs established on Jan. 22 and 24,respectively – the State Security Committee and the Comprehensively Deepening Reform Team.

Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang are both leading the State Security Committee and the Comprehensively Deepening Reform Team as the head and deputy head, respectively.
Liu Yunshan sits third in rank on the Comprehensively Deepening Reform Team.

As for the newly established Internet security organ, Liu Yunshan, the head of central propaganda, was pushed to third in command.

Commentator Xia Xiaoqiang analyses that this arrangement shows Liu Yunshan's weakened authority in propaganda.

This is how Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang are tightening their grip on the regime to guard against Jiang Zemin's faction.

Commentator Xia Xiaoqiang: "Through the establishment of the State Security Committee and the Comprehensively Deepening Reform Team, power in Central Politics and Law Commission (CPLC) was taken back from the Jiang faction.
The division of the CPLC during Jiang's era changed, and subsequently the central power structure was reformed under the leadership of Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang. The propaganda system, which oversees cyber space security, has had a significant role in the power distribution within the regime. It has been dominated by the Jiang faction, as previously headed by Li Changchun and the incumbent Liu Yunshan."

Prior to this, the Central Discipline Inspection Commission issued rare criticism of the state mouthpiece Xinhua News Agency.

Xia Xiaoqiang indicates that this movement signals the
intention of the central to purge the propaganda system.

Xia Xiaoqiang: "The 2013 Southern Weekly Incident embarrassed Xi Jinping and sparked public outcry. In April 2013, Liu Yunshan had engaged in a media war
with Xi in abolishment of the labor camp system. Liu Yunshan ordered that all all reports revealing sinister inside stories of Masanjia labor camp be deleted.
This secret order issued by the Central Propaganda Department was exposed: 'No report, citation, or comment on any relevant issues regarding Masanjia labor camp.'I expect after Xi and Li take over the Internet security organ, both Liu Yunshan and the Central Propaganda Department will be faced with weakened power. The Jiang faction will gradually lose authority over propaganda."

This year marks the 20th anniversary since the Chinese gained access to the Internet. According to a China Internet Network Information Center report, by the end of 2013, there were over 600 million Chinese netizens.

The 2013 Annual Report on Human Rights Practices released by the U.S. State Department on Feb. 27 addressed the CCP's continued increasing efforts to monitor Internet use, and has fueled a state-directed crackdown on activists
and suppression of political dissent and public advocacy.

Chinese Internet writer Jing Chu believes the massive effort to control the free flow of information over the Internet tells the world that the CCP has gone ideologically bankrupt.

Chinese Internet writer Jing Chu: "They have been very concerned and very guilty, and that's why they have to find ways to control the taxpayers'opinions.
They are in a state of hysteria and lack confidence. Free speech allows for a vibrant society. This regime has come to a dead end when they show
fear upon people's remarks."

In spite of all the effort to suppress freedom of speech and the many barriers on the Internet, Internet censorship circumvention tools are thriving,
much to the CCP's surprise.

With the help of the Great Firewall software, millions of Internet users in China have broken through the blockade. The Communist's firewall has thus turned into a pile of waste at the hands of popular software such as Freegate and UltraSurf.

According to a Radio France Internationale Chinese report, overseas activists have realized the formation of a new pro-democracy party, the Netizen Party.

Members of the Netizen Party outnumber the members of the CCP several times.
They have become the main body of Chinese Internet speech. As long as the Internet continues in China, the CCP cannot eliminate the Netizen Party.

Interview/Zhuzhishan Edit/Wang ziqi Post-Production/Sucan
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