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【禁聞】寧波砸5000萬 批量製造“喬布斯”

紐約時間: 2011-10-13 04:20 PM 
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【新唐人2011年10月14日訊】蘋果電腦公司的創始人史蒂夫•喬布斯10月5號病逝,正當大家盼望“誰是下一個喬布斯”時,浙江寧波市出臺人才培養計劃,將投資超過5000萬元要培養1400名新“喬布斯”。學者認為,中國不具備喬布斯生長的環境,寧波的做法只是炒作罷了。
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據大陸媒體廣泛報導,寧波出臺了一份《寧波市領軍和拔尖人才培養工程實施意見》,計劃從今年開始,以五年為一個週期,每週期投入5000萬元,培養出1400個創新型領軍、拔尖人才。目前首批選拔已開始,共計約選出700人。

對此,浙江異議作家陳樹慶認為,喬布斯和蘋果是在美國這樣自由競爭、法制有序的環境當中競爭出來的,是在個人的創造性、企業的創造力能得到充分發揮的情況下產生的,絕不是培育出來的。

陳樹慶:“喬布斯它本身是一個人,不是一個產品。一個人他的才能、他的價值、他的才華要被發揮的話,最重要的是提供一個自由競爭、公平有序的一個市場環境。要提供一個這樣環境下對個人的一個契約精神、契約自由和個人市場主體的人格尊嚴,財產權利充分保護的情況下才能產生的,使一個公民的創造力得到發揮。”

北京IT評論人楊孝文也認為,喬布斯成長得利於美國的經濟環境和個人的成長環境,美國人思想更開放和自由,出現喬布斯是合理的,不是政府行為能做得到的。

楊孝文:“他知道開發甚麼樣的產品,他知道未來使用者需要甚麼樣的產品,象這種人他這種秉性、他這種天賦、他這種眼光,不是後天能培養的。他天生有這種能力,有這種眼光。”

楊孝文還認為,中國的教育制度,導致中國人缺乏創新的意識,近期難以出現喬布斯。

楊孝文:“中國的教育制度和美國的教育制度不太一樣,包括家長也一樣,咱們的家長只要孩子學習好就行了。美國的家庭甚至社會對孩子具體考多少分不是看的那麼重,反而孩子有沒有自己的思想、有沒有自己創造力,這方面特別重視。所以咱們這種應試教育抹殺好多孩子的創新能力。”

著名獨立中國問題學家,財經、社會類評論家鞏勝利,把中國沒能出現喬布斯歸於社會制度。

鞏勝利:“由於國家的構件、還有國家的遊戲規則、特別是中共一黨專政的這種體制,不允許任何象喬布斯這樣的天才在中國出現。如果喬布斯在中國的話,可能有幾種情況,一種情況是被收購為國有;或者喬布斯的公司是人大或政協的領導人物之一;還有就是,如果喬布斯公司在中國創造了奇蹟的話,中國一定會去拿他開往全球的各種列車上把他裝上去。”

鞏勝利還表示,中國不允許非國有資本超過國有資本,這種資本壟斷環境沒有私人企業生存和生長的環境。特別是08年美國金融海嘯後,中國的國有資本大步奔向世界,對內則大量的收縮。前段時間,溫州民間信貸的危機致使私企紛紛倒閉,就是私人資本沒有空間所造成的必然結果。

鞏勝利認為,中共這62年中,沒有出現一個在國家舞臺上的大師,中國在世界上有影響力的大師幾乎都是在民國時期出現的。

新唐人記者常春、宋風、王明宇採訪報導。


Ningbo Government Attempts to Mass-Produce “Steve Jobs” with a 50-Million Yuan Educating Program

Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple Inc.,
died on Oct. 5th due to respiratory arrest.
As the public looks forward to the emergence of “the next Jobs”,
the local government of Ningbo, Zhejiang province in China,
announced an educational program for the gifted and talented,
aimed at “cultivating abilities for 1,400 future Steve Jobs”
with a investment of more than 50 million Yuan.
Scholars made comments that the social environment in China
won』t allow any “Steve Jobs” to fully develop;
hence the Ningbo government』s program could be nothing
but a flashy show.

Recently, many Chinese media sources reported that
the Ningbo government carried out a proposal called
“Opinions towards implementation of the educational program
for gifted and talented people in Ningbo”.
According to this plan, 50 million Yuan will be spent to
cultivate leadership and creativity for 1,400 people every five years.
Currently, 700 people qualified for the first round.

The dissident writer Chen Shuqing from Zhejiang province
said that it is free competition and
a well-ordered legal system in the US that nurtured Steve Jobs
and helped cultivate his company, Apple.
Steve Jobs became Steve Jobs because of his own creativity,
as well as the power of his company.
Such social conditions paved the way for his expression;
his ability is something that would never have been born out of education alone.

Chen Shuqing:“Steve Jobs is a human, not a product.
For any human being to prove his worth,
the most important thing is to provide him an environment
which guarantees free market, fair competition and well-established social order.Such an environment protects freedom of contract,
private property, and personal dignity in a free market, thus it stimulates personal creativity to develop and bloom.”

IT commentator Yang Xiaowen from Beijing made comments
in a similar tone.
“Steve Jobs grew out of the economic environment in the US
and his personal surroundings.
Compared to the Chinese, Americans in general bear more open
and free minds;
that』s why it was reasonable for Steve to emerge naturally
in the US, rather than being 『produced』 by any government programs”.

Yang Xiaowen:”Steve knew what kind of products to develop,
and he knew what kind of products could meet the future needs of consumers.
His talents and insights are innate, not learned.”

Yang Xiaowen further said that, “it is the education system
in China which suppresses the creativity of Chinese students”.
He believes that a “Steve Jobs” won』t appear in China
in the distant future.

Yang Xiaowen:“The education systems, as well as the
opinions of parents in China compared with parents in the US, are quite different.
Chinese parents usually only care about their children』s
curricular performance.
In comparison, American families and society focus less on
children』s grades.
They pay more attention to the development of children』s
own opinions and creativity.
So it is the exam-oriented education system in China
which stifles our children』s creative abilities.”

The famous independent China watcher, financial and
social commentator Gong Shengli attributes the absence of a “Steve Jobs” in China to the political regime.

Gong Shengli:“The political framework, including the
built-in rules enforced by the CCP』s one-party dictatorship
would in nature forbid any genius like Steve Jobs
to develop his ability.
If Steve were born in China, he would either be incorporated
into state-owned agencies or
become leaders of political bodies such as the National People』s
Congress or Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
Even if Steve』s company was a great success in China
like Apple (in the US), the CCP government would surely
claim its success as the “success of China” and
use it as part of its global propaganda strategy.”

Gong Shengli said that, “the CCP does not allow
non-state-owned properties to exceed state-owned ones.
Private companies are never encouraged to grow up under
such monopolization; especially after the financial crisis in 2008,
the state-owned companies have developed
their business quickly outside China,
meanwhile the space for private companies to make profit
was even more suppressed inside China;
We have seen recently that many private companies went
bankrupt in Wenzhou due to the civilian mortgage crisis, which inevitably happened under such conditions.”

Gong Shengli added that not even one global leader
in academics or business has come out of China after the CCP seized power in 1949.
Almost all the Chinese great masters emerged during the time
when Republic of China governs the mainland.

NTD reporters Chang Chun, Song Feng and Wang Mingyu
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